Righteousness, Peace, and Hope
(1) Therefore, since we have been made right (declared righteous, justified) with God through faith, we now have peace (reconciliation) with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, (2) through whom we have gained access by faith into God’s grace in which we now stand secure. And we rejoice in the hope of God’s glorious beauty!
(3) More than that, we also rejoice in our present suffering, because we know that suffering develops perseverance, (4) perseverance develops character, and character develops hope. (5) And this hope does not disappoint us, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been freely given to us.
Jesus Died for Sinners
(6) For at God’s perfect time, while we were still powerless—spiritually sick and weak—Christ died for ungodly people. (7) It is very rare that anyone would die for a righteous person, though for a good person someone might choose to die. (8) But God demonstrates (proves) his love for us in this: Jesus Christ died for us while we were still sinners.
(9) Therefore, since we have been made right (declared righteous, justified) with God by Jesus’ blood, how much more will we be saved (delivered) from God’s holy judgment through him! (10) For if, while we were God’s enemies, we were reconciled (united in relational peace) to him through the death of his Son, how much more—having been reconciled—will we be saved through Jesus’ life! (11) Not only is this true, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.
Sin and Death Through Adam
(12) Therefore, just as sin entered this world through one man (Adam’s disobedience in the Garden of Eden) and death through sin, so sin spread to all people, because everyone sinned.
(13) Yes, sin was in the world before God gave the law to Moses, but a specific sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law. (14) Nevertheless, death reigned (ruled) from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by disobeying a specific command, as did Adam, who is a type (pattern) of Christ, the one who was to come.
Eternal Life Through Jesus Christ
(15) But the free gift of being made right (declared righteous, justified) with God should not be compared to the disobedience of Adam. For if the many died by the sin of one man (Adam), how much more abundantly did God’s grace and the free gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow (abound) to the many! (16) Nor should the free gift of God’s righteousness be compared with the consequence of Adam’s sin: the judgment followed Adam’s one sin and brought condemnation (guilt), but God’s free gift followed many sins and brought righteousness (justification). (17) For if, by Adam’s sin, death reigned (ruled) through him, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and free gift of righteousness reign (rule) in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!
(18) Therefore, just as Adam’s one sin resulted in condemnation (guilt) for all people, so also Jesus’ one righteous act of dying on the cross resulted in right standing (justification) with God and life for all people who believe. (19) For just as through Adam’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also through Jesus’ obedience many will be made righteous.
(20) Now the law of Moses was given by God so that sin might increase. But as sin increased, God’s grace increased more abundantly, (21) so that, just as sin reigned (ruled) in death, so also God’s grace might reign (rule) through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.