A Remnant of Israel Will Be Saved
(1) Therefore, I ask you: “Did God reject his people, the Jews?” Absolutely not!
I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin. (2) God did not reject his people the Jews, whom he knew long ago. Don’t you remember that Elijah spoke to God against Israel in (3) 1 Kings 19:10, “Lord, they have killed your prophets and torn down your altars; I am the only one left, and they are trying to kill me”? (4) But God told Elijah in 1 Kings 19:18, “I have reserved for myself 7,000 who have not bowed their knees to Baal (a Canaanite fertility god).”
(5) In the same way, today there is a remnant of Jews who have been chosen by God’s grace. (6) And if it is by God’s grace, then it is not based on observing the works of the law of Moses; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.
(7) Therefore, what should we conclude? Although the Israelites sought zealously for God’s righteousness, they did not receive it. Yet, there was a chosen remnant of Jews among them that did, but the others were hardened in their hearts, (8) as it is written in Deuteronomy 29:4, “To this very day, God has given them a spirit of stupor, and eyes that could not see and ears that could not hear.” (9) And David says in Psalm 69:22-23, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a punishment for them. (10) Let their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and let their backs be bent forever.”
Non-Jews Are Ingrafted Branches
(11) So again I ask: “Did the Israelites stumble so as to fall beyond recovery?” Absolutely not! Rather, because of their sin, God’s salvation has come to the nations to make Israel jealous. (12) But if their sin means abundant blessings for the world, and their failure means abundant blessings for the nations, how much greater blessings will their full inclusion bring!
(13) I am now speaking to you non-Jews. Inasmuch as I am an apostle to the nations, I take pride in my mission (14) in the hope that I can somehow stir up my own people, the Israelites, to jealousy and save some of them. (15) For if the Israelites’ rejection of Jesus Christ brought reconciliation to the world, what will their acceptance of Jesus Christ be but life from the dead?
(16) If the part of the dough offered as first-fruits is holy, then the whole batch of dough is holy, and if the root of the tree is holy, so are the branches. (17) If some of the branches have been broken off, and you non-Jews—though a wild olive shoot—have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root, (18) do not be arrogant and think that you are superior to the natural branches, the Jews. If you do, remember this: You non-Jews do not support the root, but the root supports you. (19) Some of you then will say, “The Jewish branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” (20) This is true. But the natural branches were broken off because of their unbelief, and you non-Jews stand by faith alone. So don’t be full of pride, but instead tremble with fear in God’s presence. (21) For if God did not spare the Jews—the natural branches—he will not spare you non-Jews either.
(22) Therefore, consider God’s kindness and sternness: sternness to those Jews who fell, but kindness to the you non-Jews, provided that you continue in his kindness. If you do not, you non-Jews will also be cut off from God. (23) And if the Jews do not remain in unbelief, they will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again. (24) After all, if you non-Jews were cut out of an olive tree that is wild by nature, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more readily will the natural branches—the Jews—be grafted back into their own olive tree!
God’s Redemptive Plan for Jews and Non-Jews
(25) My brothers and sisters, I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery (God’s redemptive plan), so that you will not become filled with false pride: For Israel has experienced a partial (limited) hardening of heart until the full number of the nations has come in, (26) and in this way, “all Israel will be saved.” As it is written in Isaiah 59:20-21, “The Deliverer will come to Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob. (27) And this is my covenant with them when I take away their sins.”
(28) As far as the gospel (good news) of God is concerned, the Jews are now enemies for the sake of the nations. But as far as God’s choice is concerned, they are loved on the account of their forefathers (patriarchs)—Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—(29) for the gifts and calling of God are unchangeable.
(30) Just as you non-Jews who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy as a result of the Jews’ disobedience, (31) so too Jews have now become disobedient in order that they too will receive mercy as a result of God’s mercy to non-Jews. (32) For God has bound everyone—both Jews and non-Jews—over to disobedience so that he can have mercy on them all.
Praise to God
(33) Oh, the depth of the treasures of the wisdom and knowledge of God! His judgments are unsearchable, and his paths cannot be found! (34) For as it is written in Isaiah 40:13, “Who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?” (35) As it says in Job 41:11, “Who has ever given to God, that God should repay them?” (36) For from him and through him and for him are all things. To God be majestic glory forever! Amen (let it be).