Divorce and Remarriage
Matthew 19:1-12 (Matthew 5:31-32; Mark 10:1-12)
(1) When Jesus finished his teaching, he left Galilee and traveled into the region of Judea to the region of Perea on the eastern side of the Jordan River. (The primarily Jewish region east of the Jordan River was called Perea, today in modern Jordan. Perea occupied the eastern side of the Jordan River valley, from about one third the way down from Lake Galilee to about one third the way down the eastern shore of the Dead Sea. Herod Antipas, a son of Herod the Great, was the governor of both Galilee and Perea).
(2) Large crowds of people followed him there, and he healed them. (3) Some Pharisees came to test Jesus by asking him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?” (4) Jesus said to them, “Haven’t you read Genesis 1:27? From the beginning, God the Creator ‘made them male and female,’ (5) and it is written in Genesis 2:24, ‘For this reason, a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one body.’ (6) So in marriage they are no longer two, but one body. Therefore what God has united as one, let no one separate.”
(7) The religious leaders asked, “Why then did Moses say that a man can give his wife a certificate of divorce and send her away?” (8) Jesus said to them, “Moses allowed you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard. But it was not this way from the beginning of creation. (9) I tell you the truth: A man who divorces his wife—except for marital unfaithfulness (sexual immorality)—and marries another woman commits adultery.”
(10) The disciples said to Jesus, “If this is true between a husband and wife, then it is better not to marry.” (11) Jesus said, “Not everyone can accept my teaching, but only those to whom it has been given. (12) For there are eunuchs (some men) who were born that way (spiritually gifted not to marry), and there are eunuchs (some men) who have been made eunuchs by others (having been castrated)—and there are eunuchs (some men) who choose not to marry for the sake of the kingdom of heaven (God). Whoever can accept my teaching should receive it.”
Jesus Welcomes Children
Matthew 19:13-15 (Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)
(13) Then people brought little children to Jesus for him to put his hands on them and pray for them. But the disciples told them to stop. (14) Jesus said, “Let the little children come to me, and do not stop them, because the kingdom of heaven (God) belongs to them.” (15) When Jesus had placed his hands on them, he then left that place.
A Rich Young Ruler and Eternal Life
Matthew 19:16-30 (Mark 10:17-31; Luke 18:18-30)
(16) Just then a man (a young civil ruler) came up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good work must I do to enter eternal life?” (17) Jesus said, “Why do you ask me about what is good? God is the only one who is good. If you want to enter eternal life, keep God’s commandments.”
(18) The man asked, “Which commandments?” Jesus said, “Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, (19) honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself.” (20) The man said, “I have kept all of these commandments. What else must I do?” (21) Jesus said, “If you want to be perfect, go and sell everything you own and give it to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come and follow me.” (22) When the young man heard this, he went away sad, because he was very rich.
(23) Then Jesus said to his disciples, “I tell you the truth: It is hard for a rich person to enter the kingdom of heaven (God). (24) Again I tell you: It is easier for a camel to go through the hole of a sewing needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.” (25) When Jesus’ disciples heard this, they were greatly amazed and asked, “Who then can be saved?” (26) Jesus stared at them and said, “For humans this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”
(27) Peter answered Jesus, “We have left everything to follow you! What then will there be for us?” (28) Jesus said to his disciples, “I tell you the truth: At the renewal (regeneration) of heaven and earth, when the Son of Man (see Daniel 7:13-14) sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on 12 thrones, judging the 12 tribes of Israel. (29) And whoever has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands for my sake will receive 100 times more and will inherit eternal life. (30) But many people who are first will be last, and many who are last will be first.”