Satan Tests Jesus in the Judean Wilderness
Luke 4:1-13 (Matthew 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13)
(1) Jesus was full of the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit led him from the Jordan River into the wilderness of Judea (possibly in the region of Jericho), (2) where for 40 days he was tested (tempted) by the devil. He did not eat anything during that time, and when those days ended, he was very hungry.
(3) The devil said to Jesus, “If you are the Son of God, tell this rock to become bread.” (4) Jesus answered, “It is written in Deuteronomy 8:3, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.’ ”
(5) The devil led Jesus up to a high place and showed him all the kingdoms of the world (possibly referring to the Roman empire). (6) And the devil said to him, “I will give you all their power and glory, because it has been given to me, and I can give it to anyone I want to. (7) All you have to do is worship me, and you can have it all. (8) Jesus said, “It is written in Deuteronomy 6:13, ‘Worship the Lord your God and serve him only!’” (9) Finally, the devil led Jesus into Jerusalem and had him stand on the highest point of the temple, saying to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, (10) for it is written in Psalm 91:11-12, ‘God will command his angels concerning you to protect you. (11) They will lift you up in their hands, and you will not even strike your foot against a rock.’ ” (12) Jesus said, “It is written in Deuteronomy 6:16, ‘Do not test the Lord your God.’ ”
(13) After the devil had finished testing Jesus, he left him until another opportune time.
Jesus Begins His Ministry in Galilee
Luke 4:14-15 (Matthew 4:12-17; Mark 1:14-15)
(14) Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Holy Spirit, and news about him spread throughout the whole region. (15) He taught in their synagogues and was praised by everyone. (The region of Galilee in northern Israel was around 45 miles/72 km north-south and 25 miles/40 km east-west, with a population of around 300,000 living in about 200 villages and towns. There were only two Greco-Roman cities in Galilee, Sepphoris and Tiberius, both built by Herod Antipas. Sepphoris served as Herod Antipas’ initial Galilean capital, located about 4 miles/6 km northwest of Nazareth. Tiberius became his new Galilean capital, named after the Roman emperor Tiberius. It was located on the western shore of Lake Galilee around 10 miles/16 km south of Capernaum. The Gospels do not record Jesus ever ministering in the cities of Tiberius or Sepphoris, although we do know that citizens of these cities went out to Jesus).
Jesus Rejected in Nazareth
Luke 4:16-30 (Matthew 13:53-58; Mark 6:1-6)
(16) Jesus traveled to his hometown of Nazareth, where he grew up. (The village of Nazareth was located about 12 miles/19 km southwest of Lake Galilee; it had a population of around 500).
On the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his normal practice. When he stood up to read, (17) Jesus was given the scroll of the prophet Isaiah. Jesus opened it and read Isaiah 61:1-2, (18) “The Spirit of the Lord has come upon me because he has anointed me to proclaim the gospel (good news) to the poor. The Lord has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and to give sight to the blind, to free everyone who is oppressed, (19) and to declare the year of the Lord’s favor.’ “
(20) Then Jesus rolled up the scroll, handed it back to the synagogue attendant and sat down. Everyone in the synagogue was staring at him. (21) Then Jesus said to them, “Today, this passage in Isaiah is fulfilled in your hearing.”
(22) All the people began saying good things about Jesus and were amazed at the gracious words that he spoke. They asked, “Isn’t this Joseph’s son?” (23) Jesus said to them, “Surely you will quote this proverb to me, ‘Doctor, first heal yourself!’ And you will tell me to do the miraculous signs (miracles) here in my hometown of Nazareth that you have heard I did in Capernaum.
(24) “But I tell you the truth: No prophet is accepted by the people of his hometown. (25) I assure you that there were many widows in Israel during the time of Elijah, when there was no rain for three and one half years and there was a severe famine throughout the land. (26) Yet Elijah was not sent to any of the widows of Israel, but to a widow in the town of Zarephath in the non-Jewish region of Sidon. (27) And many people in Israel had leprosy (various skin diseases) during the time of the prophet Elisha, but none of them were healed except Naaman the Syrian.”
(28) When the people in the synagogue heard Jesus say this, they became very angry. (29) They got up, drove Jesus out of the town, and took him to the edge of the cliff on which Nazareth was built to throw him over. (30) But Jesus walked right through the crowd and went on his way.
Jesus Frees a Man From a Demon
Luke 4:31-37 (Mark 1:21-28)
(31) Jesus walked back into the town of Capernaum in Galilee, and he taught the people in the synagogue on the Sabbath day. (32) The people were amazed at his teaching, because he spoke with authority.
(33) There was a demon-possessed (demonized) man in the synagogue. The demon screamed through the man, (34) “Go away, Jesus of Nazareth! Why are you bothering us? Have you come to destroy us? I know you are the Holy One of God!” (35) Jesus ordered the demon to be quiet and to come out of him. Then the demon threw the man to the ground in front of everyone and left without hurting him.
(36) All the people were amazed and said to each other, “What kind of teaching is this? He has God’s authority and power to order demons to come out of people.” (37) And the news about Jesus spread throughout the surrounding region of Galilee.
Jesus Heals Many People
Luke 4:38-41 (Matthew 8:14-17; Mark 1:29-34)
(38) Jesus left the synagogue and went to the house of Simon (Peter) in Capernaum. When he arrived, Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering with a high fever, and they asked Jesus to help her. (39) So Jesus bent over her and ordered the fever to leave her, and it did. She immediately got up and began to serve them.
(40) After the sun had gone down that evening, the people brought people with all kinds of sickness to Jesus, and he healed each one by placing his hands on them. (41) Demons came out of many people, shouting, “You are the Son of God!” But Jesus rebuked them and ordered them not to speak, because they knew he was the Messiah (Christ).
Jesus Ministers Throughout Galilee
Luke 4:42-44 (Matthew 4: 23-25; Mark 1:35-39)
(42) The next morning, at daybreak, Jesus went out to an isolated place (probably into the hills west of Capernaum) to be alone. The people came looking for him and when they found him, they tried to stop him from leaving them. (43) But Jesus said to them, “I must proclaim the gospel (good news) of the kingdom of God to those living in other towns also, because that is why I was sent into this world.” (44) And Jesus kept on preaching in the synagogues of Galilee (some manuscripts say Judea).