Jesus Before Pontius Pilate
Luke 23:1-7 (Matthew 27:1-2, 11-14; Mark 15:1-5; John 18:28-40)
(1) Then the Jewish religious leaders rose and led Jesus to Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea. (2) They began accusing Jesus before Pilate, saying, “We found this man misleading our nation, refusing to pay taxes to the Roman emperor Caesar. He claims to be the Messiah (the Christ), a king!” (3) Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said to him, “You have said so.” (4) Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd of people, “I do not find this man guilty of a crime.” (5) But they insisted, “Jesus stirs up the people all over Judea with his teaching. He started in Galilee and has now come to Jerusalem.” (6) When Pilate heard this, he asked if Jesus was from Galilee. (7) When Pilate learned that Jesus was from Galilee—a region under the leadership of the Roman ruler Herod Antipas—he sent Jesus to Herod Antipas, who was in Jerusalem at that time.
Jesus Before Herod Antipas
(8) When Herod Antipas saw Jesus he was very pleased, because he had wanted to meet him for a long time; he wanted to see him do some miracles. (9) Although Herod asked Jesus many questions, he did not say anything. (10) The chief priests and teachers of the Jewish law were viciously accusing Jesus before Herod. (11) Then Herod and his soldiers made fun of Jesus and mocked him. They dressed him in a royal robe and sent him back to Pilate. (12) Although they had previously been enemies, Herod and Pilate became friends during this time.
Jesus is the Son of Man
Luke 23:13-25 (Matthew 27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15; John 19:1-16)
(13) Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers of the people. (14) He said to them, “You brought Jesus to me as one who was leading a rebellion among the people. I have examined him before you and I do not find him guilty of the criminal charges you have brought against him. (15) Neither does Herod Antipas, for he has sent Jesus back to us. He has done nothing to deserve death. (16-17) Therefore, I will punish him and then let him go free.” (18) But the Jewish crowd shouted, “Away with Jesus! Release Barabbas to us!” (19) Barabbas was in prison for taking part in an rebellion in Jerusalem, and for murder. (20) Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to the Jews again. (21) But they kept shouting, “Crucify Jesus! Crucify Jesus!” (22) Pilate said to them the third time, “Why? What crime has he committed? I do not find him guilty of any crimes deserving death. Therefore I will punish him and let him go.” (23) But the Jews yelled louder and insisted that Jesus be crucified. Finally their loud shouting prevailed, (24) and Pilate gave in to what they demanded. (25) He released Barabbas, who had been thrown in prison for insurrection and murder, and ordered Jesus to be crucified.
The Crucifixion of Jesus
Luke 23:26-43 (Matthew 27:32-44; Mark 15:21-32; John 19:17-27)
(26) As the Roman soldiers led Jesus away to be crucified, they grabbed Simon from the city of Cyrene (in modern Libya) who was walking into Jerusalem from the country, and they forced him to carry the cross behind Jesus. (27) A large crowd of people followed, including women who were mourning and crying for him. (28) Jesus turned and said to the women, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. (29) For the time is coming when you will say, ‘Blessed are the childless women, the wombs that never gave birth, and the breasts that never nursed!’ (30) Then ‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!” ’ (31) For if people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?” (32) Two other criminals were also led out with Jesus to be crucified. (33) When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified Jesus and the two criminals there—one criminal was hung on a cross to his right, and the other criminal was hung on a cross to his left. (34) Jesus prayed, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” The Roman soldiers divided up his clothes by throwing dice (lots). (35) The people stood by watching, but the rulers sneered at Jesus. They said, “He saved other people; let him save himself if he is the Messiah (the Christ), the Chosen One of God.” (36) The Roman soldiers also mocked him, offered him wine vinegar, (37) and said, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself!” (38) There was a sign nailed above Jesus on the cross, which read, “THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” (39) One of the criminals who hung next to Jesus shouted insults at him, “Are you not the Messiah (the Christ)? Save yourself, and us!” (40) But the other criminal rebuked the man. He said, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of crucifixion? (41) We are being punished justly, because we are getting what we deserve, but Jesus did nothing wrong.” (42) Then he said to Jesus, “Remember me when you come into your kingdom.” (43) Jesus said to him, “I tell you the truth: Today you will be with me in paradise.”
The Death of Jesus
Luke 23:44-49 (Matthew 27:45-56; Mark 15:33-41; John 19:28-37)
(44) It was about noon, and darkness covered the land of Israel until 3 p.m. (45) At that time the Temple’s inner curtain—separating the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place—was torn in two. (46) Then Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, I commit my spirit into your hands.” Immediately after he said this, Jesus took his last breath. (47) A high-ranking Roman soldier, seeing what had happened, praised God and said, “Surely Jesus was a righteous man.” (48) All the people who had gathered saw what had happened. They beat their chests in sorrow and went away. (49) But all those who knew Jesus, including the women who followed him from Galilee, watched his crucifixion from a distance.
The Burial of Jesus
Luke 23:50-56 (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; John 19:38-42)
(50) There was a man named Joseph, from the Judean town of Arimathea, who was a member of the Jewish governing council (the Sanhedrin)—a good and righteous man. (51) He did not agree with the Sanhedrin’s decision to crucify Jesus, because he was waiting for the kingdom of God to come. (52) Joseph went to Pontius Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. (53) Then he took Jesus’ body down from the cross and wrapped it in linen cloth, placing it in a new tomb cut into the rock—one that had never been used before (in a garden outside of the city walls of Jerusalem). (54) It was the day before the Sabbath—Preparation Day—and the Sabbath day was about to begin. (55) The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph, and saw the tomb and how Jesus’ body was laid in it. (56) Then these women went home and prepared fragrant spices and oils, and they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the Jewish commandment.