The Plan to Kill Jesus
Luke 22:1-2 (Matthew 26:1-5; Mark 14:1-2; John 11:45-53)
Wednesday, Passion Week
(1) Now the time of the Passover—the feast of Unleavened Bread—was coming soon (2) and the Jewish chief priests and teachers of the law of Moses were scheming how to kill Jesus, but they were afraid of the people.
Judas’ Plan to Betray Jesus
Luke 22:3-6 (Matthew 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11)
(3) Then Satan entered the heart of Judas Iscariot, one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles. (4) And Judas went and discussed with the Jewish chief priests and officers of the temple guard how he could betray Jesus. (5) They were thrilled and agreed to give Judas money. (6) He agreed and looked for an opportunity to have Jesus arrested when the people were not present.
The Passover Meal
Luke 22:7-13 (Matthew 26:17-25; Mark 14:12-21; John 13:1-3)
Thursday, Passion Week
(7) Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb was to be sacrificed. (8) So Jesus told Peter and John, “Go and make preparations for the Passover meal for us, so that we can eat together.” (9) They asked, “Where do you want us to prepare it?” (10) Jesus said to them, “As you enter Jerusalem, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him to a house that he enters, (11) and tell the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher asks, “Where is the guest room, where I can eat the Passover meal with my disciples?” ’ (12) He will show you a large room upstairs that is furnished. It is in this guest room that you are to make preparations for our Passover meal.” (13) Peter and John left and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover meal. (The location of Jesus’ last Passover meal with his apostles—the Last Supper—was an upper guest room in a private home in Jerusalem. It has became known as the “Upper Room.” Based on the early chapters of the book of Acts, it is possible that the apostles used the Upper Room as a temporary residence or regular gathering place. According to church tradition, the Upper Room was located in the southern part of the old city of Jerusalem, on Mount Zion.)
The Lord’s Supper
Luke 22:14-23 (Matthew 26:26-30; Mark 14:22-26; 1 Corinthians 11:23-26)
(14) When the time had come, Jesus and his Twelve Apostles sat at the table to eat the Passover together. (15) And Jesus said to them, “I have been very eager to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. (16) For I tell you the truth: I will not eat it again until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”
(17) Jesus took the cup of wine, gave thanks to God, and said, “Take this cup of wine, and share it among you. (18) For I tell you the truth: I will not drink wine again until the kingdom of God comes.”
(19) Then Jesus took bread, gave thanks to God, and broke it. He gave the pieces of bread to the Twelve and said, “This is my body given for you; eat it in remembrance of me.” (20) Jesus took the cup of wine after the meal and said, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.
(21) “But the one who will betray me is here with me at the table. (22) For what will happen to the Son of Man (see Daniel 7:13-14) will happen as it has been determined by God, but how terrible for the one who betrays him!” (23) The apostles began to ask each other which of them would be the one who betrayed Jesus.
Jesus on Servanthood
(24) Then the Twelve Apostles began to argue among themselves about which one of them was considered the greatest. (25) Jesus said to them, “Non-Jewish kings exercise power over the people, and those who rule with authority over them call themselves Benefactors. (26) But you are not to be like them. Instead, the greatest among you will be like the youngest, and a leader will be one who serves others. (27) For you know that in this world the master who eats at the table is greater than the one who serves. But I live among you as the one who serves.”
The Gift of the Kingdom of God
(28) Jesus said, “You have stood by me during my trials. (29) And I give to you a kingdom, just as my Father gave me a kingdom, (30) so that you will eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones—judging the 12 tribes of Israel.”
Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial
Luke 22:31-34 (Matthew 26:31-35; Mark 14:27-31; John 13:36-38)
Jesus said, (31) “Simon (Peter), Simon, listen to me. Satan has asked to sift you like wheat. (32) But I have prayed for you, Simon, so that your faith will not fail. And when you repent and return again, be sure to strengthen your fellow brothers.”
(33) But Simon said to Jesus, “Lord, I am ready to go with you to prison and even to death!” (34) Jesus said, “I tell you the truth: Peter, before the rooster crows today, you will deny that you know me three times.”
Jesus Prepares His Twelve Apostles
(35) Then Jesus asked his Twelve Apostles, “When I sent you on your mission journey without a moneybag, backpack, or sandals, did you need anything?” They said, “No.”
(36) Jesus then said to them, “But now if you have a moneybag, take it, and also a backpack, and if you don’t have a sword, sell some clothes (outer cloaks) and buy one. (37) For it is written in Isaiah 53:12, ‘And he was counted with the rebels.’ I tell you the truth: This passage must be fulfilled in me. Yes, what is written about me (in the Old Testament) is about to be fulfilled.” (38) Jesus’ disciples said, “Look, Lord, here are two swords.” And Jesus said, “That is enough!”
Jesus Prays in Gethsemane
Luke 22:39-46 (Matthew 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42)
(39) As was his custom, Jesus went out to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. (40) When they arrived at the garden of olive trees called Gethsemane, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.” (The garden of Gethsemane was located at the bottom of the slope of the Mount of Olives, opposite the Temple Mount).
(41) Jesus went a short distance from his disciples, got down on his knees, and prayed, (42) “Father, if you are willing, take this cup of suffering from me, but not my will, but yours be done!” (43) An angel from heaven appeared to Jesus and gave him strength. (44) And experiencing deep agony, he prayed with greater energy, so that his sweat became like drops of blood falling down to the ground.
(45) When Jesus stood up from praying, he walked back to his disciples and found them sleeping, because they were tired from sorrow. (46) Jesus said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation.”
Judas Betrays Jesus
Luke 22:47-53 (Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; John 18:1-12)
(47) While Jesus was still speaking, a crowd of people led by Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve Apostles, came up to him. Judas approached Jesus to give him a kiss (on the cheeks), (48) but Jesus asked him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man (see Daniel 7:13-14) with a kiss?”
(49) When Jesus’ disciples saw what was about to happen, they said, “Lord! Should we attack them with our swords?” (50) One of his disciples (Peter) took his sword and cut off the right ear of the high priest’s servant. (51) But Jesus yelled, “Stop!” He touched the man’s ear and healed him.
(52) Then Jesus said to the Jewish chief priests, officers of the temple guard, and elders who had come to arrest him, “Are you arresting me with swords and clubs as if I am leading a rebellion? (53) I taught daily in the temple courts, and you did not arrest me. But this is now your time—a time when the authority of darkness has come.”
Peter Denies Knowing Jesus
Luke 22:54-62 (Matthew 26:69-75; Mark 14:66-72; John 18:15-18)
Friday, Passion Week
(54) They arrested Jesus and took him away to the palace of the high priest (Caiaphas, possibly located on the eastern slope of Mount Zion). Peter followed a short distance behind them. (55) When they arrived, they started a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, and Peter sat down with them.
(56) Then a servant girl saw Peter sitting by the fire and looking closely at his face said, “This man was with Jesus.” (57) But Peter said, “Woman, I do not know Jesus!” (58) A little later someone else saw Peter and said, “You are one of the followers of Jesus.” Peter said, “Man, I do not know Jesus!” (59) About an hour later another person insisted, “Certainly this man is a follower of Jesus; he is from Galilee (probably based on his accent).” (60) Peter said, “Man, I don’t know what you are talking about!” While he was speaking, a rooster crowed.
(61) The Lord turned and looked straight in Peter’s eyes, and then he remembered what Jesus had told him, “Before the rooster crows today, you will deny me three times.” (62) And Peter went outside and cried bitterly.
Roman Guards Mock and Beat Jesus
Luke 22:63-65 (Matthew 26:67-68; Mark 14:65)
(63) The men who were guarding Jesus began mocking and beating him. (64) They blindfolded him and said, “Prophesy! Who hit you?” (65) They said many insulting things to him.
Jewish Religious Leaders Question Jesus
Luke 22:66-71 (Matthew 26:59-66; Mark 14:55-64; John 18:19-24)
(66) At daybreak (around 6 a.m.), the Jewish council (the Sanhedrin) of the elders of the people—both the chief priests and teachers of the law of Moses—met together, and had Jesus brought before them.
(67) They said to him, “Tell us, are you the Messiah (Christ)?” Jesus said, “Even if I tell you, you will not believe me, (68) and if I asked you, you would not answer. (69) But from now on, the Son of Man (see Daniel 7:13-14) will be enthroned in authority at the right hand of the power of God.” (70) They asked Jesus, “So, are you claiming to be the Son of God?” Jesus said, “Yes, as you say that I am.” (71) Then they said, “We do not need any more evidence. We have heard him say it.”