Jesus in Bethany on the Mount of Olives
(Jesus’ entrance into Jerusalem marks the beginning of “Holy Week,” or “Passion Week.” The word “Passion” comes from the Latin word for suffering.)” (1) Six days before the start of the Passover, Jesus walked from Ephraim to Bethany on the Mount of Olives, where Lazarus, whom Jesus had raised from the dead, lived. (2) So they gave a dinner for him there. Martha served, and Lazarus sat with Jesus at the table.
Mary Anoints Jesus’ Feet
(3) Then Mary took a pound of expensive fragrant oil that had been extracted from a pure nard plant, and poured it on Jesus’ feet and wiped them with her hair. And the whole house was filled with the oil’s fragrance. (4) But Judas Iscariot, one of Jesus’ disciples, who would later betray him, said to Mary, (5) “Why didn’t you sell this oil for a year’s wage (300 denarii) and give the money to the poor?” (6) Judas did not say this because he cared about the poor; he was a thief. He was the one who carried the money bag and would often steal from it. (7) Jesus told Judas, “Leave Mary alone! For she has kept this oil for my burial. (8) You will always have the the poor with you, but you will not always have me.”
The Plan to Kill Lazarus
(9) Now when a large crowd of Jews heard that Jesus was in Bethany, they went to visit him. They went not only because of Jesus, but also to see Lazarus whom Jesus had raised from the dead. (10) So the Jewish chief priests made plans to kill Lazarus too, (11) because on account of him many Jews were leaving them and believing in Jesus.
Jesus Enters Jerusalem as Victorious King
John 12:12-19 (Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:28-40)
Palm Sunday, Passion Week
(12) The next day the large crowd of people that had come to celebrate Passover heard that Jesus was coming into Jerusalem. (13) So they took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting Psalm 118:26, “Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the king of Israel!” (14) Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, just as it is written in Zechariah 9:9, (15) “Fear not, daughter of Zion. Behold, your king is coming. He is sitting on the colt of a donkey.” (16) At first Jesus’ disciples did not understand what was going on. Only after Jesus was glorified did they remember that these things had been written about him and that these things had been done to him. (17) Now the crowd of people that were eyewitnesses when Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead never stopped telling others about him. (18) Many people went out to meet Jesus because they had heard that he had raised Lazarus from the dead. (19) So the Pharisees said to one another, “We are accomplishing nothing. Look! The whole world is following Jesus!”
Non-Jews Want to Meet Jesus
Tuesday, Passion Week
(20) Now there were some Greeks among the people who went up to worship at the Passover festival. (21) They went to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and said to him, “Sir, we want to meet Jesus.” (22) Philip went and told Andrew; so Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus. (23) Jesus said to them, “The time has come for the Son of Man (see Daniel 7:13-14) to be glorified.”
Life Through Death
Jesus said, (24) “I tell you the truth: Unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. (25) Whoever loves their life will lose it, but whoever hates their life in this world will keep it for eternal life. (26) Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am, my servant also will be. My Father will honor the one who serves me.”
Jesus Predicts His Death
Jesus said, (27) “Now my soul is greatly troubled, but what should I ask for? Father, deliver me from this time of suffering. No, it was for this very reason that I came to this hour. (28) Father, glorify your name!” Then a voice came from heaven and said, “I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again.” (29) A crowd of people that was there heard the voice and said it sounded like thunder. Others said, “An angel spoke to him!” (30) Jesus said, “This voice was for your good, not mine. (31) Now is the time for judgment to come on this world. And now, Satan—the ruler of this world—will be cast out. (32) And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself!” (33) Jesus said this to tell the people the kind of death he was going to die.
Who is the Son of Man?
(34) The crowd of people said, “We have heard from the law of Moses that the Messiah (Christ) will stay in this world forever. So how can you say, ‘The Son of Man (see Daniel 7:13-14) must be lifted up’? Who is this ‘Son of Man’?” (35) Then Jesus said to them, “The light is with you for a little while longer. Walk while you have the light, before darkness overcomes you. Whoever walks in the dark does not know where he is going. (36) Believe in the light while you have light, so that you will become children of light.” When Jesus finished teaching, he left and hid himself from them.
Belief and Unbelief
(37) Even after Jesus had performed many miraculous signs (miracles) in their presence, they still refused to believe in him. (38) This fulfilled the words of Isaiah 53:1, “Lord, who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” (39) For this is why they did not believe, because, as it is written in Isaiah 6:10, (40) “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so they cannot see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts, nor turn to God—and I would heal them.” (41) The prophet Isaiah said this because he saw Jesus’ glory and spoke about him. (42) Yet at the same time, many even among the Jewish religious leaders believed in Jesus. But because of the Pharisees they did not openly tell others about their faith for they were afraid that they would be put out of the synagogue, (43) because they loved to receive human praise more than praise from God.
Jesus is the Light of the World
(44) Then Jesus shouted out, “Whoever believes in me also believes in the one who sent me into this world. (45) Whoever sees me, sees the one who sent me into this world. (46) I came into this world as a light, so that whoever believes in me will not remain in darkness. (47) “If anyone hears my teaching but does not practice it, I do not judge that person. For I did not come to judge this world, but to save this world. (48) There is a judge for the person who rejects me and does not believe in my teaching; because the very words I have spoken will condemn them at the last day. (49) For I do not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken. (50) I know that his commandment leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father told me to say.”