One God, One Mediator
1 Timothy 2:1-7
(1) Therefore, with great importance, I urge you to offer prayers, requests, intercession, and thanksgiving for all people—(2) including kings and all those in governing authority, so that we can live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness.
(3) This is good, and it pleases God our Savior, (4) who wants every person to be saved and to come to know the truth. (5) For there is only one God and one mediator between God and humanity—the man Jesus Christ. (6) He gave himself on the cross as a ransom payment for all people, which has now been witnessed to at God’s perfect time. (7) I tell you the truth; I am not lying. It was for this purpose I was called to be a preacher, apostle, and teacher among the nations in faith and truth.
Men and Women of God
1 Timothy 2:8-15
(8) Therefore I desire men everywhere to lift up holy hands in prayer, without anger and arguing. (9) And I also desire that women dress in a respectful way, with decency and modesty, not wanting to be admired because of their elaborate hairstyles or gold or jewelry or expensive clothes, (10) because it is through their good behavior that they demonstrate that they are women who profess to worship God.
(11) It is good for a wife (or a woman) to learn with a calm spirit and receptive heart. (12) I do not let a wife (or a woman) teach or exercise authority (lord it) over her husband (or a man) in the church. She must not be verbally disruptive (other translations read “remain quiet,” but that can’t refer to not speaking, because woman prayed and prophesied in the church. The best context for this verse seems to be 1 Corinthians 14:34-35). (13) I say this because God created Adam (husband) first, then Eve (wife) (see 1 Corinthians 11:8-9). (14) Eve, not Adam, was the first to be deceived by Satan in the Garden of Eden. Eve became the first sinner. (15) Wives (or women) will be mothers of children, and they will be saved if they continue living in faith, love, and holiness with all self-control.
(There is a never-ending debate over the public ministry scope of women in the church, and 1 Timothy 2:11-15 is often used in isolation to limit, or even eliminate, the public teaching and eldership ministry of women. However, it is important to consider the emphasis of “husbands and wives” in passages like 1 Corinthians 11:3-16 and 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 when interpreting this passage, rather than “men and women” in general. Overall, because we lack the social context of these passages, we must be careful not to insist on clear-cut, dogmatic conclusions related to the public ministry of women).