Jesus Christ Crucified
1 Corinthians 2:1-5
(1) And so it is with me, my brothers and sisters. When I first came to you in Corinth three years ago (see Acts 18:1-17), I did not proclaim the mystery of God with eloquent speech (learned rhetorical techniques) or human wisdom (speculation).
(2) For I was determined to know nothing while I was with you except Jesus Christ and him crucified. (3) I came to you in weakness, with great fear and trembling in God’s presence. (4) My message and preaching were not filled with persuasive arguments of human wisdom, but with a demonstration of the power of the Holy Spirit, (5) so that your faith would be established in God’s power and not in human wisdom.
God’s Eternal Wisdom
1 Corinthians 2:6-9
(6) However, we do speak a message of wisdom among mature Christians, but not the wisdom of this world (age) or of the rulers of this world (age), who are destined to pass away. (7) No, we declare God’s wisdom—a mystery that has been hidden and that God planned for our glory before time began—(8) which none of the rulers of his world (age) understood, because if they had known they would not have crucified the Lord of majestic glory. (9) As Isaiah 64:4 says, “No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him.”
Revealed by the Holy Spirit
1 Corinthians 2:10-16
(10) God has revealed his wisdom to us by the Holy Spirit. For the Holy Spirit searches (investigates) all things, even the depths of God. (11) For who knows a person’s thoughts except their own spirit within them? In the same way no one knows the deep thoughts of God except the Holy Spirit.
(12) Believers, we have not received the spirit of this world, but the Holy Spirit of God, so that we can understand the things God has freely given us. (13) We do not speak a message taught us by human wisdom but a message taught us by the Holy Spirit—explaining (interpreting) spiritual truths (realities) to those who have the Holy Spirit (the spiritual).
(14) Unbelievers (the natural ones) without the Holy Spirit do not accept the truth that comes from the Spirit of God but consider it foolishness (nonsense), and cannot understand God’s truth because it is understood (discerned) only through the Holy Spirit.
(15) Believers (the spiritual ones) who have the Holy Spirit examine (make judgments about) all things, but the spiritual ones are not subject to mere human judgments, (16) because as it is written in Isaiah 40:13, “Who has understood the mind of the Lord that he will instruct him?” But we have the mind of Jesus Christ!