The Gospel and Jesus’ Post-Resurrection Appearances
1 Corinthians 15:1-8
(1) Now, my brothers and sisters, I want to remind you of the gospel (good news) that I preached to you when I visited you in Corinth three years ago (see Acts 18:1-17), which you received and on which you have taken a stand. (2) It is by this gospel that you are saved, if you hold strong to the message I preached to you. If you don’t, you have believed in vain.
(3) For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance—that Christ died for our sins according to the Bible, (4) that he was buried, and that he was raised from the dead on the third day, according to God’s word.
(5) After his resurrection, Jesus appeared to Peter (Cephas), and then to his Twelve Apostles. (6) After that, he appeared to more than 500 of his brothers and sisters at the same time—most of these eyewitnesses are still living, although some have died. (7) Then he appeared to James (the younger brother of Jesus, who became the leader of the Jerusalem Church and wrote the New Testament letter of James), then to all the apostles (the New Testament apostles other than the Twelve), (8) and last of all he appeared to me, Paul, as to one untimely born.
The Apostle Paul
1 Corinthians 15:9-11
(9) But I, Paul, am the least of the apostles, and I do not even deserve (I am unworthy) to be called an apostle, because I violently persecuted the church of God. (10) But by God’s grace I have become what I am (an apostle), and his grace toward me was not in vain. No, on the contrary, because I worked harder than all the apostles—yet not I, but the grace of God that was active within me. (11) Whether then it was I or they, this is the gospel (good news) we preach, and this is the message that you believed.
The Resurrection of the Dead
1 Corinthians 15:12-19
(12) But if we preach that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can some of you in Corinth say that there is no resurrection of the dead? (13) For if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised to life. (14) And if Christ has not been raised to life, then our message is meaningless and so is your faith. (15) And more than that, we are then liars—false witnesses of God, because we have testified that God raised Christ from the dead. But God did not raise him if in fact the dead are not raised. (16) For if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised from the dead either. (17) And if Christ has not been raised from the dead, then your faith is worthless and you remain in your sins. (18) Then the believers who have died in Christ are lost. (19) If we have hope in Christ only for this life, we are to be pitied more than all people.
Jesus Raised From the Dead
1 Corinthians 15:20-22
(20) But Christ has certainly been raised from the dead; he is the first-fruits of those who have died (the first to be raised from the dead). (21) For since death came through a man (Adam), the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man (Jesus Christ). (22) For as in Adam all people die, so in Christ all who believe will be made alive.
God Will Be All In All
1 Corinthians 15:23-28
(23) But each one will be made alive in this order: Christ was the first to rise from the dead; then, all believers (who belong to him) will rise from the dead at his second coming (in his presence). (24) Then the end of the world will come, when Christ hands over the kingdom to God the Father, after he has destroyed all rule (dominion), authority, and power. (25) For Christ must reign from heaven until God has put all his enemies under his feet. (26) The last enemy to be destroyed is death. (27) For as it is written in Psalm 8:6, “God has put all things in subjection under his feet.” Now when it says, “all things” have been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God, the one who placed everything under Christ. (28) Therefore, when God has put everything under Christ, then the Son will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God will be all in all.
If the Dead Are Not Resurrected
1 Corinthians 15:29-34
(29) Now if there is no resurrection of the dead, what will those do in Corinth who are being water-baptized for the dead? (30) If the dead are not raised, why are people being baptized for them? And as for us, why do we put ourselves in such great danger every hour? (31) I face the possibility of death every day—yes, just as surely as I boast about you in Jesus Christ our Lord. (32) If I fought wild beasts in Ephesus with no more than mere human hope, what have I gained? If the dead are not raised, then let us do what is written in Isaiah 22:13, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.” (33) Do not be deceived! As one poet said, “Bad friends corrupt good character.” (34) Come back to your senses as you should, and stop sinning, because there are some in Corinth who have no knowledge of God—I say this to your shame.
Different Kinds of Bodies
1 Corinthians 15:35-49
(35) But some of you will ask these questions, “How are the dead raised?” “What kind of body will they have when they’re resurrected?” (36) Are you so foolish! What seed you plant in the ground does not come to life until it dies? (37) And when you plant, you do not plant the body that it will be, but you just plant a seed, perhaps a wheat seed or some other kind. (38) But God gives it a body as he has determined, and to each kind of seed he gives its own kind of body. (39) Not all bodies are the same: people have one kind of body, and animals, birds, and fish each have another kind of body. (40) There are also heavenly bodies—the sun, moon, and stars—and there are earthly bodies; but the splendor of the heavenly bodies is one kind, and the splendor of the earthly bodies is another. (41) The sun has one kind of splendor, the moon another and the stars another; and all the stars have different degrees of splendor.
(42) So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. Our physical body dies perishable, but it is raised imperishable; (43) It dies in dishonor, but it is raised in glory; it dies in weakness, but it is raised in power; (44) it dies a natural body, but it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. (45) So, as it is written in Genesis 2:7, “The first man Adam, became a living being,” while the last Adam (Jesus) became a life-giving spirit. (46) The natural came first and then the spiritual. (47) The first man (Adam), was created from the dirt of the earth, but the second man (Jesus), is of heaven. (48) And so as was the earthly man (Adam), so are those who are of the earth; and so as is the heavenly man (Jesus), so also are those who are of heaven. (49) And just as we have the image (likeness) of the earthly man (Adam), so will we bear the image (likeness) of the heavenly man (Jesus). (49) And just as we have the image of the earthly man (Adam), so will we also bear the image of the heavenly man (Jesus).
The Resurrected Human Body
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
(50) My brothers and sisters, I tell you that the earthly body of flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor can the perishable inherit the imperishable. (51) Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all die, but we will all be changed (transformed)—(52) in a quick flash, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet (at the second coming of Jesus). For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed! (53) For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. (54) When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then what is written in Isaiah 25:8 will come true, “Death has been swallowed up in victory,” (55) for as Hosea 13:14 says, “Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?” (56) The sting of death is sin and the power of sin is the law. (57) But thanks be to God! He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ!
(58) Therefore, my brothers and sisters, stand strong. Do not let anything move you. Always give yourselves fully to the work of the Lord, because you know that your labor in the Lord is not in vain.