Imitate Paul’s Way of Life
1 Corinthians 11:1-2
(1) Follow (imitate) how I live my life, as I follow the way Christ lived his life. (2) I praise you for remembering me in everything and for holding tight to the teaching (traditions) that I passed on to you.
Men and Women in Public Worship
1 Corinthians 11:3-16
(3) I want you to understand that Christ is (metaphorically) the “head” (authority or source) of men, and husbands are (metaphorically) the “head” of their wives, and God is (metaphorically) the “head” of Christ.
(4) Any man who prays or prophesies with a head covering (possibly referring to having long hair like a woman) dishonors Christ, his “head.” (5) But any wife who prays or prophesies without covering her head (possibly referring to having short hair like a man) dishonors her husband, her “head”—because it is just like having her head shaved bald (possibly the punishment for adultery, or the indication of a prostitute). (6) For if a wife does not cover her head, then she should go ahead and shave her head; but if it is a social disgrace for her to cut her hair short or shave her head bald, then she should cover her head.
(7) Men should never cover their heads, because they are in the image and glory of God, while women are the glory of men. (8) For, as we know from creation, Adam (man) did not come from Eve (woman), but Eve came from Adam. (9) Neither was Adam created for Eve, but Eve was created for Adam. (10) This is why (the creation order of Adam and Eve) wives should have a symbol of authority on their heads, because of the angels (possibly refers to our judgment of angels).
(11) So in the Lord, women are not independent of men, and men are not independent of women. (12) For even though woman came from man, so also man is born through woman—but everything comes from God!
(13) Judge for yourselves: is it culturally proper for a wife to pray to God with her head uncovered? (14) Does not nature (probably referring to a social view of human nature) teach you that it is disgraceful for men to have long hair? (15) If women have long hair, it is their glory, because their long hair serves as their covering. (16) If anyone in Corinth wants to argue about what I teach, we have no other tradition (practice)—nor do the churches of God.
Teaching on the Lord’s Supper
1 Corinthians 11:17-34
(17) In the following directives I have no praise for you in Corinth, because when you gather as a church you do more harm than good. (18) In the first place, I hear that when you come together as a church, there are divisions among you (probably between the poor and rich in the church), and I tend to believe what I have been told.
(19) Yes, it’s true that there are different groupings among you to show which of you have God’s approval (possibly between those who supported the apostle Paul and his teaching, and those who did not).
(20) However, when you come together as a church, it is not the Lord’s Supper you eat, (21) because when you are eating some of you go ahead and eat your own private meals (probably the rich church members). As a result, one person is hungry (the poor) and another one gets drunk (the rich). (22) Don’t you have homes to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God by humiliating the poor members of the church, those who have nothing to eat or drink? What can I say to you? I have no praise for you in this matter!
(23) For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: On the night that he was betrayed, the Lord Jesus took bread, (24) and when he had given thanks to God, he broke the loaf of bread and said, “This is my body for you, eat it in remembrance of me.” (25) In the same way, after dinner Jesus took the cup of wine and said, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; drink it in remembrance of me.” (26) For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes again!
(27) So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner (that promotes division between poor and rich in the church) will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord (the Lord’s death). (28) Everyone should examine themselves before they eat the bread and drink from the cup, (29) because those who eat and drink without discerning the body of Christ (probably referring to the church body, not Jesus’ physical body) eat and drink judgment on themselves. (30) That is why many among you are physically weak and sick, and some among you have even died (possibly refers to the poor who lacked food and drink). (31) But if we were more discerning with regard to the church body, we would not come under God’s judgment. (32) Nevertheless, when we are judged in this way by the Lord we are being disciplined so that we will not be condemned in the end along with this world.
(33) So then, my brothers and sisters, when you gather as a church to eat a love feast of the Lord’s Supper, everyone should eat together. (34) Whoever is hungry (the rich) should eat something at their home, so that when you gather together as a church God’s judgment will not come upon you. And when I come to visit you I will give you further directions concerning these matters (see Acts 20:2-3).