Spiritually Dead to God
(1) As for you, you were spiritually dead to God in your rebellious sin, (2) in which you used to live when you followed the values (ways) of this world (age) and Satan, the ruler of the power (authority, kingdom) of the air—the spirit who is now active in those who are disobedient. (3) At that time we all lived to gratify the passions of our sinful nature (flesh)—obeying its desires and thoughts. Like everyone else in the world, we were by nature deserving of God’s just judgment (holy wrath).
Salvation by Grace Through Faith
(4) But because of his abundant love for us God, who is filled with treasures of mercy, (5) made us alive with Christ even when we were spiritually dead in our sins—it is by God’s grace we have been saved. (6) And God has raised us up with Christ and enthroned us with him in the heavenly places in Jesus Christ, (7) in order that in the coming ages he may show the incomparable treasures of his grace, expressed in his kindness to us in Jesus Christ.
(8) For it is by grace we have been saved, through faith—and this faith is not of ourselves, it is a free gift of God—(9) not by human works, so that no one can boast with pride. (10) For we are God’s workmanship (handiwork), created in Jesus Christ to do good works, which God prepared beforehand for us to do.
One in Jesus Christ
(11) Therefore, remember that formerly you who are non-Jews by birth and called “uncircumcised” by the Jews who call themselves “the circumcision”—which is a circumcision done in the body by human hands—(12) remember that at that time you were separated from Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel, and foreigners (strangers) to the covenants of God’s promise—without hope and without God in this world. (13) But now in Jesus Christ you who once were far away have been brought near by the blood of Christ.
(14) For Jesus Christ is our peace, who has made the two groups—Jews and non-Jews—one people and has broken down (destroyed) the barrier, the dividing wall of hatred (hostility), (15) by removing in his flesh the law of Moses with its commands and regulations. God’s purpose was to create in himself one new people (humanity) out of the two, thus making peace, (16) and in one body to reconcile (unite) both of them—Jews and non-Jews—to God through the cross, by which he put to death their hatred toward one another. (17) And Jesus came and preached peace to you non-Jews who were far away and peace to the Jews who were near. (18) For through Jesus we both now have equal access to God the Father by the one Holy Spirit.
(19) So then, you non-Jews are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with God’s people and also members of God’s family (the church), (20) built on the foundation of the (New Testament) apostles and prophets, with Jesus Christ being the chief cornerstone. (21) In Christ the whole building is held together and grows into a holy sanctuary (temple) in the Lord. (22) And in Christ you too are being built together into a dwelling place in which God lives by the Holy Spirit.