Peter and John Arrested
(1) While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the Jewish priests, the captain of the temple guard (a priest), and the Sadducees (a wealthy group of politically influential Jews, many of whom were priests) came up to them. (2) They were very angry because the apostles were teaching the people—proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection from the dead.
(3) So they arrested Peter and John and, because it was evening they put them in jail until the next day. (4) But many people who heard Peter’s message that day believed, so that the number of Jesus’ disciples grew to about 5,000 (not counting the women and children, growing some 2,000 since Acts 2:41).
(5) The next day, the Jewish governing council (the Sanhedrin)—made up of ruling priests, elders, and teachers of the law of Moses—met in Jerusalem. (6) Annas the high priest was there, and so were Caiaphas, John, Alexander, and others of the high priest’s family.
(7) “They had Peter and John brought before them and began to question them: „By what power or in what name did you heal this crippled man?” (8) Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Rulers and elders of Israel! (9) If you are asking us to explain the loving act of kindness done to this man who could not walk and how he was healed—(10) then know this, you and all the people of Israel: This man was healed in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead. That is why this man stands healed before you today. (11) As it says in Psalm 118:22, Jesus is ‘The stone you builders rejected, which has become the cornerstone.’ (12) God’s salvation is found only in Jesus Christ, because there is no other name under heaven given to humankind by which we can be saved.”
(13) When they saw the courage of Peter and John and realized that they were uneducated, ordinary men (with no formal Jewish religious schooling), the members of the Sanhedrin were amazed and realized that they were disciples of Jesus. (14) They could not argue with them, because the healed man was standing right in front of them.
(15) So they ordered Peter and John to leave the room, and then they talked it over with each another. (16) They asked each other, “What are we going to do with these men? Everyone living in Jerusalem knows they have performed a miracle, and so we can’t deny it. (17) But we must stop this faith in Jesus from spreading any further among the people, so let us warn Peter and John to stop speaking to anyone in the name of Jesus.”
(18) Then they brought Peter and John back into the room and commanded them to stop speaking and teaching in the name of Jesus. (19) But Peter and John said, “Tell us, which is right in God’s sight: To listen to you, or to him? You be the judges! (20) As eyewitnesses, we can’t stop speaking about what we have seen and heard.”
(21) After threatening them some more, they let them go. The Jewish governing council (the Sanhedrin) could not decide how to punish them, because all the people were praising God for what had happened. (22) For the man who was miraculously healed was over 40 years old.
Jesus’ Disciples Pray
(23) When Peter and John were set free, they went back to the other disciples and told them all that the Jewish chief priests and elders had said to them. (24) When the disciples heard this, they raised their voices together to God, praying:
“Sovereign Lord, you created the heavens and the earth and the sea, and everything in them. (25) You spoke by the Holy Spirit through your servant, our father David, in Psalm 2:1-2, ‘Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? (26) The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers join together against the Lord and against his Anointed One (Messiah, Christ).’ (27) Indeed Herod Antipas (a son of Herod the Great, and the governor of Galilee) and Pontius Pilate met together with the Romans and the people of Israel in Jerusalem to conspire against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed. (28) But they only did what your power and will had determined beforehand would happen. (29) Now, Lord, you know their threats against us, so empower your servants to speak your word with great courage. (30) Stretch out your hand to heal and perform miraculous signs and wonders (miracles) through the name of your holy servant Jesus.”
(31) After they were finished praying, the room where they were gathered shook. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and continued to speak God’s word with boldness.
The Early Jerusalem Church
(32) All the believers in Jesus were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their personal possessions were their own, but they shared what they owned with one another. (33) With great power the apostles continued to give their eyewitness testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus. And God’s grace was so powerfully at work in them all (34) that there were no needy believers among them. For from time to time those who owned land or houses would sell them, and take the money (35) to the apostles, and the money was distributed to the believers who had needs.
(36) Joseph, a Jewish Levite from the island of Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas, which means “son of encouragement,” (37) sold a piece of land and gave the money to the apostles.