The Pentecost Outpouring of the Holy Spirit
Acts 2:1-8 (AD 30)
(1) When the day of the feast of Pentecost came, they (probably the 120 or so believers) were all together in one place (probably in the temple courts or possibly in the upper guest room). (2) Suddenly a loud roar like a hurricane wind came out of heaven, and it filled the whole place where they were sitting. (3) They saw what looked like flames of fire that separated and rested upon each one of them. (4) And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in many languages (tongues) as the Holy Spirit gave them the ability.
(5) Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven (a mixture of multi-cultural, multi-linguistic Jews). (6) When they heard this loud roar, a crowd of these Jews gathered together in amazement, because they heard Jesus’ disciples speaking in their individual languages. (7) Totally amazed, they asked one another, “Aren’t all these who are speaking from Galilee? (8) Then how is it that we hear them speaking in our native languages?”
The Jews in Jerusalem During Pentecost
Acts 2:9-13 (AD 30)
(9) There were Jews from Parthia (northeast Iran), Media (northwest Iran), Elam (southwest Iran), and Mesopotamia (the region between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers in southeastern Turkey, Syria, and Iraq); the Roman districts and provinces of Judea, Cappadocia (central Turkey), Pontus (northern Turkey, by the Black Sea), Asia (western Turkey), (10) Phrygia (west-central Turkey), Pamphylia (southern Turkey), and Egypt (north Africa); and from the regions of Libya near the capital city of Cyrene (the Roman African province west of Cyrene), the city of Rome—(11) both Jews and non-Jewish converts to Judaism—the island of Crete, and Arabia-Nabatea (a kingdom south of Syria and east of Judea, with its capital city of Petra).
The Jews said, “We hear them declaring the mighty acts of God in our own languages!” (12) Everyone was amazed and confused, they asked one another, “What does this mean?” (13) But some hecklers mocked them, yelling, “They are drunk with wine!”
Peter’s Pentecost Message
(14) Then Peter stood up alongside the 11 other apostles. He raised his voice and said to the crowd of people, “My fellow Jews of Judea and everyone who lives in Jerusalem, let me explain to you what is happening—listen carefully to what I am telling you.
(15) “These people are not drunk as you claim, because it is only 9 a.m. (16) But, what you are hearing is the fulfillment of what was spoken in Joel 2:28-32, (17) ‘In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Holy Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams. (18) Even on my servants—both men and women—I will pour out my Holy Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. (19) I will show wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below, blood and fire and clouds of smoke. (20) The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord. (21) And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’
(22) “My fellow Israelites, listen to me: Jesus of Nazareth was a man revealed to you by God with miracles—miraculous wonders and signs—that God did among you through him, as you all know. (23) This Jesus was handed over to you by God’s determined plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men (the Romans), put him to death by nailing him to a cross. (24) But God raised Jesus from the dead, freeing him from the agony pains of death, because it was impossible for death to keep Jesus under its power. (25) As David said in Psalm 16:8-11, ‘I saw the Lord always before me; because he is at my right hand, I will not be shaken. (26) Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will live in hope, (27) because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead (hades), you will not let your Holy One see decay. (28) You have made known to me the paths of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence.’
(29) “My fellow Israelites, I can tell you with certainty that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is in Jerusalem today. (30) But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him by an oath that he would sit one of his descendants on his throne. (31) Seeing what was to come in the future, David predicted the resurrection of the Messiah (Christ)—that he would not be abandoned to the realm of the dead (hades), nor would his body decay in the tomb. (32) But God raised Jesus to life, and we are all eyewitnesses that he is alive.
(33) “Being exalted to God’s right hand in authority, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear. (34) For we know that David didn’t ascend to heaven, and yet he wrote in Psalm 110:1, ‘The Lord said to my Lord: Sit at my right hand (35) until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.’
(36) “Therefore let all of Israel know the truth: God has made Jesus—whom you crucified—both Lord and Messiah (Christ).”
Three Thousand Believe
(37) Now when the people heard this, they were pierced to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what should we do?”
(38) Peter said, “You must repent and be water-baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (39) For this promise of the Holy Spirit is for you and your children and for all generations—it is for whoever the Lord our God will call to himself.” (40) With many more words Peter warned them and pleaded with them, saying, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation of Israel.“
(41) Those who received Peter’s message were water-baptized, and about 3,000 people (not counting the women and children) were added to the number of Jesus’ disciples that very day.
The Early Jerusalem Church
(42) Jesus’ disciples devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching, to fellowship, to eating meals together, and to prayer.
(43) Everyone was filled with awe at the many miraculous signs and wonders (miracles) that were being done through the apostles. (44) All the disciples shared life together and had everything in common. (45) They sold their private property and possessions to give the money to fellow believers who were in need.
(46) They met together daily in the temple courts (in Solomon’s Colonnade, formed by a double row of marbled columns with a cedar roof, along the eastern wall of the temple; see Acts 3:11), and ate meals together in their homes with glad and generous hearts, (47) praising God and enjoying the respect of all the people.
And the Lord added to the number of disciples daily those who were being saved.