From Athens to Corinth
Acts 18:1 (February AD 50)
(1) After this, Paul left Athens and traveled west about 40 miles (64 km) to the city of Corinth, the capital city of the Roman province of Achaia.
Acts 18:2-11 (February-March AD 50 to Fall AD 51)
(2) In Corinth Paul met a Jew named Aquila—a native of the Roman province of Pontus—who had recently arrived from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because the Roman Emperor Claudius had ordered all Jews to leave Rome (in AD 49). Paul went to visit Aquila and Priscilla (3) because he was a tentmaker as they were, and so he lived and worked with them.
(4) Every Sabbath day Paul led discussions in the synagogue, trying to persuade Jews and Greeks about the good news (gospel) of Jesus.
(5) After Silas and Timothy came to Corinth from Macedonia, Paul dedicated himself fully to preaching the word—testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Messiah (Christ). (6) But when the Jews opposed Paul and became abusive toward him, he shook out his clothes in protest and said to them, “Your blood be on your own heads! I am innocent of it. From now on I will go to the nations (non-Jews).”
(7) Then Paul left the synagogue and went next door to the house of Titius Justus, a non-Jewish worshiper of God. (8) Crispus, the synagogue leader, and his entire household believed in the Lord, and many of the Corinthians who heard Paul believed and were water-baptized.
(9) One night the Lord spoke to Paul in a vision, saying, “Do not be afraid! Keep on speaking and do not be silent. (10) For I am with you, and no one is going to attack and harm you, because I have many people in this city.”
(11) So Paul stayed in Corinth for 18 months, teaching them the word of God. (Paul wrote the letters of 1 and 2 Thessalonians during his ministry in Corinth).
Paul’s Trial Before Gallio
Acts 18:12-17 (July-August AD 51)
(12) Now while Gallio was the governor of the Roman province of Achaia, the Corinthian Jews joined together and attacked Paul and brought him to the public place of judgment. (13) They accused Paul, saying, “This man is persuading the people to worship God in ways that are contrary to the Jewish law.“
(14) Just as Paul was about to speak, Gallio said to the Jews, “It would be reasonable for me to listen to you if you were making a complaint about some misdemeanor or serious crime. (15) But since your complaint involves questions about words and names and your Jewish law, you need to settle these matters among yourselves. I will not be a judge of such things.” (16) So Gallio told them all to leave the place of judgment.
(17) Then the crowd turned against Sosthenes the synagogue leader and beat him in front of Gallio, but he showed no concern at all.
From Corinth to Cenchrea
Acts 18:18 (September AD 51)
(18) Paul stayed on in Corinth for some time. He then left his fellow believers and took a ship to Syria (Antioch), along with Priscilla and Aquila. But before Paul sailed, he had his hair cut off at Corinth’s Aegean port city of Cenchrea (located about 7 miles/11 km southeast of Corinth) because of a vow he had made to God.
Acts 18:19-21 (September AD 51)
(19) They sailed from Cenchrea about 250 miles (402 km) across the Aegean Sea to the port city of Ephesus in the Roman province of Asia. When they arrived in Ephesus—where he would leave Priscilla and Aquila—Paul went into the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews. (20) When the Jews asked him to stay there longer, he declined. (21) But as Paul left, he promised them, “I will come back to Ephesus if it is God’s will.”
From Ephesus to Antioch
Acts 18:21-22 (Fall AD 51)
(21) Then Paul boarded a ship at Ephesus (leaving Priscilla and Aquila) and sailed about 600 miles (966 km) to the Mediterranean port city of Caesarea (the capital of the province of Judea, located about 60 miles/97 km northwest of Jerusalem).
(22) When he landed there, he walked about 60 miles (97 km) up to Jerusalem and greeted the church (this was Paul’s fourth visit to Jerusalem since his conversion; the other three were: Acts 9:26-29, Galatians 1:18 in AD 34; Acts 11:27-30, Galatians 2:1 in AD 44; and Acts 15:1-29 in AD 48), and then he traveled north about 335 miles (540 km) to Antioch.
THE THIRD MISSIONARY JOURNEY OF THE APOSTLE PAUL
(Spring AD 52 to Spring AD 57)
From Antioch to Galatia
(23) After spending some time in Antioch, Paul left on his third missionary journey. He walked from Antioch north through the Taurus Mountains and traveled from place to place throughout the Roman province of Galatia and the western district of Phrygia (especially in and around the cities of Derbe, Lystra, Iconium, and Pisidian Antioch), strengthening all the disciples of Jesus.
Apollos in Ephesus and Corinth
Acts 18:24-28 (Spring AD 52)
(24) As Paul was traveling toward Ephesus, a Jew named Apollos—a native of the city of Alexandria in Egypt (the second largest city in the Roman empire, with a population of over 500,000)—came to Ephesus. He was an educated man, with a thorough knowledge of God’s word (the Old Testament). (25) He had been instructed in the way of the Lord, and he spoke with great passion and taught about Jesus with accuracy, although he was only aware of the water baptism of John. (26) He began to speak boldly in the synagogue, but after Priscilla and Aquila heard him speak, they invited him to their home (probably a house church) and explained to him the way of God more thoroughly.
(27) When Apollos wanted to go to Corinth in the Roman province of Achaia, the Ephesian believers encouraged him and wrote a letter to the Corinthian disciples to welcome him. When he arrived in Corinth, he was a tremendous help to those who by God’s grace had believed. (28) For he vigorously debated his Jewish opponents in public debates, proving from God’s word (the Old Testament) that Jesus was the Messiah (Christ).